Elon Musk has urged US governors to take action against the risks posed by the development of artificial intelligence for society and to establish an agency to oversee and guide their development.
Musk, Paypal founder and CEO of vehicle manufacturer Tesla Motors and aerospace company SpaceX, is considered to be one of the main players in innovation. It struggles through its companies to accelerate the transition to renewable energies and wants to turn the human race into a multi-planetary species. But in artificial intelligence, he believes that one must step on the brake.
“It is a risk for the existence of our civilization,” he said to the governors gathered at a meeting in Rhode Island on Saturday. “Until people see robots kill people down the street, the dangers of artificial intelligence will not be understood.”
“In 20 years, not that there will not be people behind the wheel is that there will be no steering wheel.”
Musk urges that, unlike in other industries, it should be regulated proactively instead of waiting for problems to arise. At that point, it will be “too late”.
The entrepreneur warns that “unlike food in poor condition,” cars with factory failures and plane crashes, which are regulated for being able to affect a group of individuals, artificial intelligence affects the whole society. “Would we let anyone make planes without any kind of control?” Musk asked rhetorically. “I tend to be against strict regulations, but in artificial intelligence we need it.”
Stephen Hawkings warned in turn of the risk involved in the advance in artificial intelligence by private companies without control for the human race. Its development is not surprising even to those responsible. Years ago it was inconceivable that a computer won a game of go, the game of logic and strategy that originated in ancient China more than 2500 years ago, but Google managed to beat the best in a few years of development and revolutionize forever Way to play.
“Until people see robots killing people down the street, the dangers of artificial intelligence will not be understood.”
“[The machines] could start a war by publishing fake news, stealing e-mail accounts and sending false press releases, just by manipulating information,” Musk said. “The pen is mightier than the sword.”
The governors showed their concern about robots and their imminent impact on the labor market. They will never tire, they will not fall sick and be more capable, cheap and productive than humans. “We will make important changes because the robots will do our job much better than we do,” said the South African. “All of us,” he said, implying that he also included himself. Transportation will be the first major sector affected, but the employer made it clear that it will affect everyone without exception.
He also had the opportunity to talk about Tesla and the future. The entrepreneur believes that the adoption of electric vehicles will grow exponentially and that in 10 years more than half of the vehicles produced in the US will be completely electric. And most of them, freelancers.
“I tend to be against strict regulations, but in artificial intelligence we need it”
“In 20 years is not that there will not be people behind the wheel, is that there will be no flyer directly,” said Musk convinced. “There may be someone with a traditional car, but it will be like using a horse today as a method of transportation. Possible, but rare.”
For everything to be electric we only need the sun and batteries, according to the roadmap of the founder of Tesla. “It looks like we need a huge amount of energy, but it’s very small compared to the sun,” Musk said. “To feed the US in full we need 100 square miles of solar panels and a square mile of batteries. It’s not that much, a little square on the map.”
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